Thoreau, Walden Pond, and the Great Resignation

America is giving up. Collectively, we’re placing in our two weeks. Please settle for our nationwide letter of resignation. “We’re in the center of a Great Resignation,” reports Harvard Enterprise Faculty’s Working Data. “Staff have had the time and house to consider what actually issues to them and there are many choices, so it’s no shock resignation charges are by way of the roof.”

As we tender our mass resignation, many people may marvel: Is there a roadmap for what comes subsequent? There’s a map, but it surely leads right into a forest, and to a person named Henry David Thoreau. 

Henry David Thoreau is thought—inaccurately—as a idler: a tree-hugging, work-shy, proto-hippy.  What he was, in reality, was a job-hopper, and, in the finish, one among the nation’s Great Resigners, a thinker who challenged the very notion of conventional work. In 1837, two stars crossed: Thoreau graduated from Harvard and the Panic of 1837 sparked a fantastic despair, which lasted till the center of the subsequent decade. Coming dwelling to Harmony, Massachusetts, the new grad hustled for a job in an employment drought, quickly getting, then quitting, a instructing place. Thoreau refused to abuse youngsters (aka apply corporal punishment), however the college required it of him, so he give up a office that was, let’s say, poisonous to youngsters.


After quitting, Thoreau, nonetheless eager for a instructing place, scrabbled for varied gigs—a scrabble tormented by recurring bouts of tuberculosis. He had his first publishing success in November of 1837: an obituary for one Anna Jones, an 88-year-old Concordian. Come March 1838, Thoreau prompt a getaway to his older brother and finest buddy, John Thoreau: “I’ve a proposal to make. Suppose […] we must always begin in firm for the West and there both set up a college collectively, or procure ourselves separate conditions. […] I believe I can borrow the money on this city. There’s nothing like attempting.”

A model of such a getaway got here and led to Might 1838. On Might 2, with a mortgage of $10 and a letter of advice from Ralph Waldo Emerson, Thoreau went job-hunting, with out John, in Maine. Fifteen days later, Thoreau returned dwelling. No job.

Lower than one month after his Maine job search, Thoreau teamed up together with his brother John to open a personal academy or “various college.” The brothers Thoreau allowed college students thirty minutes of recess, moderately than the conventional ten; they took area journeys with vocational facets, reminiscent of journeys to a printing press. Sadly, in 1841, attributable to John’s personal tuberculosis, the brothers closed their small college. On January 11, 1842, 25-year-old Thoreau misplaced John, to not tuberculosis, however to a tetanus an infection from a really slight razor lower to his finger. This loss would make each January for the remaining 20 years of Thoreau’s life a darkish season inside. 

In Might of 1843, Thoreau moved to New York, to Staten Island, to chase his literary goals, and had modest success as a contract author, however his New York dream floundered, then flopped. 

So, beginning on July 4, 1845, just a few days shy of his twenty eighth birthday, Thoreau gave up, choosing a lifetime of resignation. As the nation celebrated Independence Day, Thoreau embraced his personal, strolling the two miles from Harmony to the shores of Walden Pond. He would keep there for 2 years, two months, and two days. 

It’s straightforward to interpret Walden as America’s first environmentalist manifesto—and there’s something to this—however we must always do not forget that Thoreau’s try and “get again to nature” was concurrently the try and get away from the capitalist rat race that outlined his tradition. There’s a distinction—an absolute gulf—between “simply making a residing” and getting a life or actually residing. That is the abiding message of Walden. 

The frenetic busyness of contemporary life ought to by no means be confused with the important enterprise of residing. Human life is valuable as a result of it’s so ephemeral and fleeting. Folks die of lockjaw, or tuberculosis, or the flu, or a pandemic—and it’s best to not waste the tragically little time we’re given. For Thoreau, life was finest spent developing a easy home of his personal making, tending his beans and melons, and main youngsters by way of the huckleberry patches surrounding Harmony. Being a fantastic resigner entails reclaiming life, or moderately making a aware selection about what to respect and the place to faucet which means. 


Right this moment, “The Great Resigners” are the youngsters of the Iraq and Afghanistan wars, the younger adults of the Great Recession, and now the adults of the World Pandemic; the Great Resigners have realized, in hardship, classes just like these realized by the Best Technology throughout the Great Melancholy: Be as self-sufficient as you possibly can, as a result of the ship of state, at all times itemizing, is liable to keel over.

The Great Resigners have grown up beneath the swaying sword of local weather change, so self-sufficiency additionally means sustainability, personally and globally. Contemplate a few of the developments of the previous couple of years: the “Proper to Dry,” that’s, the proper to hold dry your laundry; the “Proper to Restore,” the authorized push to permit the restore of previous damaged iPhones and such, moderately than purchase new (to patch and darn our wares); even the proper to develop greens in your entrance yard, nonetheless prohibited in some locations. Thoreau, 2 hundred years in the past, noticed the seeds of actual liberty in such self-sufficiency. 

Thoreauvian self-sufficiency is not isolation, nor “rugged individualism,” however easy and deliberate residing to optimize good residing. That is America’s Thoreauvian Flip. With enough web infrastructure, on-line schooling, with Starlink on the horizon, supply providers at an unprecedented peak, everlasting distant work is now viable for hundreds of thousands of Individuals. We bought our style of freedom throughout the pandemic, when many people renovated our properties and tended our gardens (a few of us found permaculture!). Quarantine put a brand new precedence on the dwelling. 

Many people, not certain to the enterprise plaza, the workplace block, migrated to the geography of our wanting, to place the dwelling the place the coronary heart actually is, usually after looking out in our RVs and renovated vans; fleets of van-lifers circulated by way of America’s Nationwide Parks and previous cobwebbed predominant streets. Now there may be, one may say, a brand new “stay-at-homestead” motion. We’re attempting to remain distant en masse. We’ve staked our pond homes and now we imply to dwell intentionally—or no less than that’s the dream. 

We will hear the critics now: The Great Resigners aren’t nice, they’re simply lazy. Possibly. When Thoreau lastly succumbed to the illness that plagued his life, his expensive buddy Ralph Waldo Emerson mirrored “that I can’t assist counting it a fault in him that he had no ambition. Wanting this, as a substitute of engineering for all America, he was the captain of a huckleberry-party.”

This can be the case, but it surely strikes us as barely unfair. In any case, the youngsters that adopted Uncle Thoreau by way of the huckleberry patch had been in reality Emerson’s youngsters. Thoreau selected berry-ing with the Emerson youngsters over the worldwide journey of their well-known father. Life is a matter of selection and perspective. And it’s all too straightforward to let our conventional skilled lives masks this important reality. 

The Great Resignation is a resignation from the industrial mannequin, the brick-and-mortar mannequin, the office-factory mannequin. That mannequin, in fact, is much from razed, but it surely has been doused in an accelerant. Who would’ve thought that leafy ol’ Thoreau would meet us in the digital age? Maybe he has at all times been ready for the industrial one to lose steam. As you took your ultimate commute away from the enterprise plaza and workplace park, we hope you glanced in the rearview mirror to see that workplace block sink beneath the horizon. Maybe you then heard your automotive’s steering system guiding you to get away, or quietly voicing a query that you’ve got longed to reply: The place, precisely, is my Walden Pond?

 John Kaag is Professor and Chair of Philosophy at UMass Lowell, Exterior Professor at the Santa Fe Institute, and writer of Sick Souls, Wholesome Minds: How William James Can Save Your Life. 

Jonathan van Belle is an editor and content material creator at, and writer of Zenithism.