Within the Netherlands, the place there are more bikes than people, metropolis prepare stations have greater than half 1,000,000 bicycle parking spots (together with, in Utrecht, the world’s largest single garage with room for 12,000 bikes). But it surely’s nonetheless usually arduous for cyclists to seek out parking, and the nation is in the method of constructing room for an additional 100,000 bikes earlier than 2025. In Amsterdam, the latest garage might be distinctive—it’s underwater, leaving public house open above, and with options to help aquatic life beneath.
Behind Amsterdam Central Station, a hub the place trains, trams, buses, taxis, pedestrians, and cyclists converge, the bike parking garage might be a part of a semifloating construction that was initially designed to assist shield the jetty—the realm constructed alongside the water’s financial institution the place the station sits—from unintentional boat crashes from the adjoining river. “The safety put in place for the prepare and bus station, street visitors, and the Michiel de Ruyter tunnel meant there was some unused house between the collision safety and the jetty,” says Danny Esselman, principal architect at VenhoevenCS, the structure and concrete design agency that labored on the design with Van Hattum en Blankevoort and DS Landschapsarchitecten. “That’s the place the consumer determined so as to add bicycle parking, as there may be at all times a scarcity of parking areas in the town. Designing the venture so it was semi-underwater meant we may create further public house above it.”
The garage, which is about to open in 2022, may have room for 4,000 bikes, and is designed to attract cyclists in. “A superb, enticing design means cyclists will wish to use the parking facility,” Esselman says. “This means good accessibility, a restricted peak distinction, environment friendly visitors flows, a secure and lightweight atmosphere, and utilizing aesthetically lovely supplies. Cyclists are guided downwards in a easy motion from the doorway on the boulevard. This motion invitations you to quietly glide by way of to a parking house, stress-free.”
The construction can also be designed to assist help aquatic life in the river. Porous concrete, for instance, lets vegetation and mussels persist with the partitions. Coconut mats assist purify the water and supply one other place for vegetation to develop. Mesh baskets known as “biohuts” assist shelter younger fish. A internet will assist lure plastic waste.
“As we took a ‘chew’ out of a present biotope—the house of the fish and vegetation—we additionally wanted to take measures to construct a greater habitat for aquatic life than there was earlier than,” he says. “As designers, it’s a must to remember that you’re making adjustments to the atmosphere, and it’s essential to reduce the affect of your work. Our intention was to transcend simply minimizing the affect and enhance the situations, being conscious at each stage of the method. Throughout development, the strategies we used meant that there was minimal disturbance of the river mattress and surrounding biotope.”
It’s an strategy, he says, that could possibly be used for bike parking at different prepare stations close to water. “A serious plus level is that it lets you use scarce quantity of house accessible at floor degree for different functions,” Esselman says. “Consider how a lot house could possibly be given over to public house, new parks, or footpaths.”