Streaming wars at the center of the looming IATSE strike

It’s no secret the streaming wars have gained appreciable ammunition over the previous yr and a half as stuck-at-home shoppers have inhaled increasingly more content material from their beloved streaming providers, and people providers have supplied increasingly more compelling content material. Warner Bros. put its whole 2021 movie slate on HBO Max—together with Godzilla vs. Kong and House Jam: A New Legacy (in addition they performed in theaters)—on account of the pandemic. And in June, Disney launched the newest Pixar movie Luca solely on Disney Plus.    

Consequently, streaming subscriptions have skyrocketed. Disney Plus doubled its numbers over the previous yr and now has over 116 million subscribers. Netflix’s development was so dramatic throughout the first a number of months of COVID-19 that it’s now in hangover mode—although nonetheless the {industry} chief with over 209 million subscribers.

However the hidden toll of all this exploding development is coming to the floor in an unsightly battle between behind-the-scenes Hollywood manufacturing staff and the TV studios and streamers. The conflagration reached a feverish pitch on Monday when members of IATSE (Worldwide Alliance of Theatrical Stage Staff) voted overwhelmingly in favor of occurring strike towards the AMPTP (Alliance of Movement Image and Tv Producers). 


A piece stoppage by the individuals who make units run would grind Hollywood, which has solely just lately reached pre-pandemic ranges of movie and TV manufacturing, to a halt.

To be clear, a strike is just not imminent—at least not fairly. However as the two sides return to the negotiating desk, IATSE president Matthew Loeb now has a strong ace in his stack, placing the TV producers at a definite drawback. 

The first points that IATSE is combating for are associated to high quality of life: the quantity of relaxation staff get; an finish to the dreaded “Fraturday,” when a Friday shift ends on Saturday morning; and extra food-related funds when crew members don’t get a meal break. All of these points have been enormously compounded by the quantity of TV exhibits which were jammed into manufacturing with a purpose to feed streaming providers making an attempt to out-produce each other and provide an countless queue of content material. Consequently, wardrobe staff, make-up artists, and script supervisors discover themselves leaping from job to job, typically with little downtime in between. This mannequin, which is constructed on exhibits that not often go greater than a season or two, is in stark aid to the days when large, community TV exhibits saved grips and different below-the-line staff on one present for years at a time. 

Pay for these staff can also be not commensurate with community charges at the smaller streamers, similar to Apple TV Plus and Paramount Plus. Owing to a contract signed all the method again in 2009, streamers with lower than 20 million subscribers will pay crew members decreased charges. The intent was to assist the streaming {industry} develop, however as an IATSE assertion just lately put it: “Essentially the most worthwhile corporations on the planet don’t want lower charges that had been negotiated to deal with a as soon as rising distribution methodology. Apple, Amazon, Netflix, Fb . . . ought to all pay industry-standard wages to the professionals who crew their productions.” (The AMPTP has mentioned it’s going to increase charges on smaller streamers by 18% however has not agreed to parity.) 

Then there are residuals, as soon as the bread and butter for anybody concerned in a community TV present that paid out dividends in second markets like cable TV and DVDs for years. Streaming residuals now make up 44% of all TV productions, up from 18% in 2016, based on IATSE. However as a result of there is no such thing as a second market in TV for a streaming unique, and as the DVD enterprise has dried up, residuals on streaming exhibits pay far lower than for networks exhibits. On the bargaining desk is a requirement for streamers to pay increased residual charges into members’ pension and well being plans.

IATSE has made clear that their battle is “not nearly streaming corporations.” However the definition of what “new media” is in 2021 and simply how totally different it’s from “outdated” media in 2021 is an important level that underlines virtually all of the union’s points. If Apple is an organization value $2.4 trillion, does it matter that it claims it has underneath 20 million subscribers on Apple TV Plus—which simply swept the comedy class at the Emmys with Ted Lasso? Put one other method: Ought to the folks engaged on that present be paid as if they’re making an online sequence?

As IATSE has mentioned, in a line that can doubtless present up on T-shirts and posters if the locals head to the streets: “New media is media. We helped construct it. We should be paid for it.”